Companion to Vedic Verses in ‘The Life Divine’ – Vol. I by Mukund Ainapure

Companion to Vedic Verses in ‘The Life Divine’ – Vol. I

All the chapters of CWSA Volume 21 & 22 – The Life Divine – have, below the title, translated quotations from the Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita and other Sanskrit texts. Sri Aurobindo called these quotations (or, chapter-opening epigraphs) “mottoes”.

The present volume provides the original Sanskrit verses from the Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita and other Sanskrit texts in Devanagari (without accents), translated and cited by Sri Aurobindo in the “mottoes” in The Life Divine-I (CWSA Volume 21).

The compiler has provided the Padpātha (in Devanagari as well as Roman Transcription) under each verse in which all euphonic combinations (sandhi) are resolved into the original and separate words and even the components of compound words (samās) indicated; and matched each Sanskrit word in the Padpātha with the corresponding English word in the Translation using superscripts, followed by footnotes providing alternative meaning(s) of words and explanatory Notes based on Sri Aurobindo’s writings.


Book Details

Author: Mukund Ainapure
Print Length: 221
Publisher: Mukund Anapure
Submitted by: Mukund Ainapure
Book format: Pdf
Language: English and Sanskrit


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Contents

Book 1. Omnipresent Reality and the Universe

Chapter I. The Human Aspiration
Rig Veda – 01.113.08 2
Rig Veda – 01.113.10 4
Rig Veda – 04.001.07 6
Rig Veda – 04.002.01 7
Rig Veda – 04.004.05 8

Chapter II. The Two Negations: The Materialist Denial
Taittiriya Upanishad – III.1,2 10

Chapter III. The Two Negations: The Refusal of the Ascetic
Mandukya Upanishad – Verse 2 14
Mandukya Upanishad – Verse 7 15

Chapter IV. Reality Omnipresent
Taittiriya Upanishad – II.6 18

Chapter V. The Destiny of the Individual
Isha Upanishad – Verse 11 19
Isha Upanishad – Verse 14 20

Chapter VI. Man in the Universe
Swetaswatara Upanishad – I.6 22

Chapter VII. The Ego and the Dualities
Swetaswatara Upanishad – IV.7 24

Chapter VIII. The Methods of Vedantic Knowledge
Katha Upanishad – I.3.12 27

Chapter IX. The Pure Existent
Chhandogya Upanishad – VI.2.1 29

Chapter X. Conscious Force
Swetaswatara Upanishad – I.3 31
Katha Upanishad – II.2.8 32

Chapter XI. Delight of Existence: The Problem
Taittiriya Upanishad – II.7 34
Taittiriya Upanishad – III.6 34

Chapter XII. Delight of Existence: The Solution
Kena Upanishad – IV.6 36

Chapter XIII. The Divine Maya
Rig Veda – 03.038.07 38
Rig Veda – 09.083.03 39

Chapter XIV. The Supermind as Creator
Vishnu Purana – II.12.39 41

Chapter XV. The Supreme Truth-Consciousness
Mandukya Upanishad – Verse 5 42
Mandukya Upanishad – Verse 6 44

Chapter XVI. The Triple Status of Supermind
Gita – IX.5 45
Gita – X.20 46
Rig Veda – 05.029.01 46

Chapter XVII. The Divine Soul
Isha Upanishad – Verse 7 48

Chapter XVIII. Mind and Supermind
Taittiriya Upanishad – III.4 50
Gita – XIII.17 51

Chapter XIX. Life
Taittiriya Upanishad – II.3 54

Chapter XX. Death, Desire and Incapacity
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad – I.2.1 57
Rig Veda – 05.007.06 59

Chapter XXI. The Ascent of Life
Rig Veda – 10.030.01 61
Rig Veda – 03.022.03 62
Rig Veda – 09.096.18 62
Rig Veda – 09.096.19 63
Rig Veda – 01.022.17 65
Rig Veda – 01.022.18 65
Rig Veda – 01.022.19 66
Rig Veda – 01.022.20 66
Rig Veda – 01.022.21 67

Chapter XXII. The Problem of Life
Taittiriya Upanishad – II.3 68
Gita – XVIII.61 70
Taittiriya Upanishad – II.1 71

Chapter XXIII. The Double Soul in Man
Katha Upanishad – II.1.12 74
Katha Upanishad – II.1.5 75
Isha Upanishad – Verse 7 76
Taittiriya Upanishad – II.9 78

Chapter XXIV. Matter
Taittiriya Upanishad – III.1,2 80

Chapter XXV. The Knot of Matter
Rig Veda – 05.012.02 84
Rig Veda – 05.012.04 84
Rig Veda – 10.129.01 85
Rig Veda – 10.129.02 86
Rig Veda – 10.129.03 86
Rig Veda – 10.129.04 88
Rig Veda – 10.129.05 89

Chapter XXVI. The Ascending Series of Substance
Taittiriya Upanishad- II.1-5 91
Rig Veda – 01.010.01 92
Rig Veda – 01.010.02 94
Rig Veda – 09.096.19 96
Rig Veda – 09.096.20 97

Chapter XXVII. The Sevenfold Chord of Being
Rig Veda – 01.164.05 99
Chapter XXVIII 101
Supermind, Mind and the Overmind Maya
Rig Veda – 05.062.01 101
Isha Upanishad – Verse 15 102
Isha Upanishad – Verse 16 103
Atharva Veda – XII.1.1 106
Taittiriya Upanishad – II.6 108

Book 2. The Infinite Consciousness and the Ignorance

Chapter I. Indeterminates, Cosmic Determinations and the Indeterminable
Mandukya Upanishad – Verse 7 111
Gita – II.29 113
Gita – XII.3,4 114
Katha Upanishad – I.3.10 116
Katha Upanishad – I.3.11 117
Gita – VII.19 118

Chapter II. Brahman, Purusha, Ishwara – Maya, Prakriti, Shakti
Gita – XIII.17 120
Taittiriya Upanishad – II.1 121
Gita – XIII.20 122
Swetaswatara Upanishad – IV.10 123
Swetaswatara Upanishad – VI.1 125
Swetaswatara Upanishad – VI.7 126
Swetaswatara Upanishad – VI.8 127
Swetaswatara Upanishad – VI.11 129

Chapter III. The Eternal and the Individual
Isha Upanishad – Verse 16 131
Gita – XV.7 132
Gita – XV.10 134
Rig Veda – 01.164.20 134
Rig Veda – 01.164.21 135

Chapter IV. The Divine and the Undivine
Isha Upanishad – Verse 8 136
Gita – IV.10 138
Gita – XIV.2 139
Kena Upanishad – I.4 140
Katha Upanishad – II.2.12 140
Katha Upanishad – II.2.11 142
Gita – XVIII.61 143

Chapter V. The Cosmic Illusion; Mind, Dream and Hallucination
Gita – IX.33 145
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad – IV.3.7 146
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad – IV.3.9 147
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad – IV.3.10 148
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad – IV.3.11 149
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad – IV.3.12 149
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad – IV.3.14 150
Prasna Upanishad – IV.5 151

Chapter VI. Reality and the Cosmic Illusion
Vivekachudamani – Verse 20 153
Swetaswatara Upanishad – IV.9 154
Swetaswatara Upanishad – IV.10 155
Swetaswatara Upanishad – III.15 156
Gita – VII.19 157

Chapter VII. The Knowledge and the Ignorance
Rig Veda – 04.002.11 159
Swetaswatara Upanishad – V.1 160
Swetaswatara Upanishad – I.9 162
Rig Veda – 10.005.03 163

Chapter VIII. Memory, Self-Consciousness and the Ignorance
Swetaswatara Upanishad – VI.1 164
Maitri Upanishad – VI.15 165
Rig Veda – 10.190.01 167
Rig Veda – 10.190.02 167
Chhandogya Upanishad – VII.13 169
Prasna Upanishad – IV.9 170

Chapter IX. Memory, Ego and Self-Experience
Prasna Upanishad – IV.5 173
Mahopanishad – V.2 174
Rig Veda – 10.005.01 175

Chapter X. Knowledge by Identity and Separative Knowledge
Gita – VI.20 178
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad – IV.5.15 179
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad – IV.5.7 180
Katha Upanishad – II.1.1 182
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad – IV.3.23 183
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad – IV.3.26 184
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad – IV.3.27 184
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad – IV.3.30 185

Chapter XI. The Boundaries of Ignorance
Katha Upanishad – I.2.6 186
Rig Veda – 04.001.07 187
Rig Veda – 04.001.11 188
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad – I.4.10 190
Mandukya Upanishad – Verse 2 192
Mandukya Upanishad – Verse 3 193
Mandukya Upanishad – Verse 4 194
Mandukya Upanishad – Verse 5 195
Mandukya Upanishad – Verse 6 197
Mandukya Upanishad – Verse 7 198
Katha Upanishad – II.1.12 200
Katha Upanishad – II.1.13 202

Chapter XII. The Origin of Ignorance
Mundaka Upanishad – I.1.8 203
Taittiriya Upanishad – II.6 205
Taittiriya Upanishad – III.2 207

Chapter XIII. Exclusive Concentration of Consciousness-Force and the Ignorance
Rig Veda – 10.190.01 208

Chapter XIV. The Origin and Remedy of Falsehood, Error, Wrong and Evil
Gita – V.15 211
Maitri Upanishad – VII.10 212
Mundaka Upanishad – I.2.8 214
Gita – II.50 215
Taittiriya Upanishad – II.9 216
Rig Veda – 07.060.05 218
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad – V.5.1 218


Sample

Companion to Vedic Verses in ‘The Life Divine’ – Vol. I

Chapter IV
Reality Omnipresent

Taittiriya Upanishad – II.6

असन्नेव स भवति । असद् ब्रह्मेति वेद चेत् । अस्ति ब्रह्मेति चेद्वेद । सन्तमेनं ततो विदुरिति । [Part]
असन्1 एव2 सः3 भवति4 । असत्5 ब्रह्म6 इति7 वेद8 चेत्9 । अस्ति10 ब्रह्म11 इति12 चेत्13 वेद14 । सन्तं15 एनं16 ततः17 विदुः18 इति19 ।

asan eva brahma saḥ bhavati |asat iti veda cet | asti brahma iti cet veda | santaṁ enaṁ tataḥ viduḥ iti|

[Part] 9If 8one knows Him 7as 1Brahman 5the Non-Being, 3he 4becomes 2merely 1the non-existent. 13If 14one knows 12that 11Brahman 10Is, 17then 18is he known 19as 15the real in existence. [21/25]

[Part] 4One becometh 2as 1the unexisting, 9if 8he know 6the Eternal 7as 5negation; 13but if 14one knoweth 11of the Eternal 12that 10He is, 17then 18men know 16him 19for 15the saint & the one reality. [18/220]

[Notes]

Whatever we see of this Divine and fix our concentrated effort upon it, that we can become or grow into some kind of unity with it or at the lowest into tune and harmony with it. The old Upanishad [Taittiriya Upanishad – II.6, above] put it trenchantly in its highest terms, “Whoever envisages it as the Existence becomes that existence and whoever envisages it as the Non-existence, becomes that non-existence;” so too it is with all else that we see of the Divine, — that, we may say, is at once the essential and the pragmatic truth of the Godhead. [24/587]

The real Monism, the true Adwaita, is that which admits all things as the one Brahman and does not seek to bisect Its existence into two incompatible entities, an eternal Truth and an eternal Falsehood, Brahman and not-Brahman, Self and not-Self, a real Self [santaṁ] and an unreal [asat], yet perpetual Maya. If it be true that the Self alone exists, it must be also true that all is the Self. [21/35]

We start, then, with the conception of an omnipresent Reality of which neither the Non-Being [asat] at the one end nor the universe [brahma] at the other are negations that annul; they are rather different states of the Reality, obverse and reverse affirmations. [21/36]

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